Data are presented as meanÂ±SD. Paired t test was used to compare the FEVj before and after corticosteroid treatment, x2 test was used to compare the nominal data, and stepwise multiple regression test was used to detect relationships between the independent variables and the value of percent FEV1 of predicted. A p value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
A total of 194 patients were examined in this medical center. However, for data analysis, 16 patients were excluded because they had a history of obstructive airway disease, cardiac disease, or smoking. In all, data from 178 patients were analyzed (Table 1). None of these patients had collagen vascular disease, inhalation injury, or pneumonia before or after S androgynus consumption. Ninety-one percent of patients were female, with a mean age of 40.7Â± 12.2 years (range, 12 to 78 years). Most consumed about 150 g of distal shafts and some leaves of S androgynus daily as raw juice (60.7%), sauteed (16.9%), mixed preparation (20.8%), or boiled (1.7%), for various periods of time. The raw juice was usually mixed with guava or pineapple juice for better taste. The total doses taken were between 1,200 and 4,800 g in about two thirds of the patients. thisView Thread
All patients received routine physical examination, chest radiograph, and biochemistry evaluation. Some patients with obstructive lung disease received corticosteroid treatment with prednisolone, 1 mg/kg, for at least 2 months, as well as bron-chodilators. Some patients with obstructive lung disease received only bronchodilators without corticosteroid treatment, because of reservations regarding the use of steroids. Follow-up Study of Spirometry and Dyspnea 22 to 24 Months After Beginning Consumption of S androgynus Because the medical treatment is not effective, many patients with obstructive ventilatory defect were unavailable for follow-up at our out patient clinic. About 22 to 24 months after patients began consumption of the vegetable, we called them and asked about whether the present dyspnea symptom was improved, stationary, or worse than it was during the initial visit period, and we also encouraged these patients to come to our medical center again for follow-up spirometry. The follow-up spirometry was performed when the patients were in long-term stable condition without acute exacerbation. The pulmonary function was defined as being deteriorated if the follow-up FEVX was 12% and 0.1 L lower than the previous FEV1 measured about 5 to 6 months after patients began consumption of the vegetable, and it was defined as being improved if the follow-up FEVX was 12% and 0.1 L higher than the previous FEV^ The pulmonary function was considered stationary if the follow-up FEV1 was between the above two categories. itat onView Thread
The bronchodilator test was considered to be positive if there was 12% or higher increase in FEVX or FVC after use of the bronchodilator. Mild obstructive ventilatory defect was defined as an FE\\ of 60 to 79% of predicted; moderate obstructive ventilator) defect was defined as an FEVl of 40 to 59% of predicted; and severe obstructive ventilatory defect was defined as an FEV1 of <40% of predicted. Patients without obstructive ventilatory defect received another pulmonary function evaluation 2 to 3 months later, and patients with obstructive ventilatory defect were encouraged to receive repeated spirometry evaluation every 2 to 4 months. Questionnaire Before the first pulmonary function tests were performed, patients filled out a questionnaire about the history of their consumption of the vegetable, including initial consumption date, consumption period, daily dose, total dose, source of the vegetable, date of onset of dyspnea, and method of preparation of the vegetable. A patients' medical history prior to consumption of the vegetable, including heart disease, pulmonary disease, smoking history, collagen vascular disease, and inhalation injuries, was also recorded. The questionnaires were reevaluated by a trained technician in the pulmonary function laboratory. canadian pharmacy cialisView Thread
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Posts look neater, and have less funny characters or symbols if you post them into Notepad or a text editor first, rather than a word processing program. The coding from the word processing programs conflicts and creates the strangeness.View Thread
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