The limits recommended for sugar by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans among other dietary guidelies are for "added sugars" not "intrinsic sugars." The 12 g of lactose sugar per cup of milk and sugar in fruit is not "added" sugar, but an intrinsic part of a diet which includes these nutrient rich foods.View Thread
It is high at 157 mg cholesterol / 100 g shrimp (about 3.5 ounces). However, shrimp does not increase dietary cholsterol.(1) In fact, in a review the Endocrinology Society says: "Sterols in shellfish and shrimp do not appreciably influence the serum cholesterol unless fried, cooked in butter, or consumed in large quantities." (2)
(1) Childs MT, Dorsett CS, King IB, Ostrander JG, and Yamanaka WK. (1990) Effects of shellfish consumption on lipoproteins in normolipidemic men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 51:1020-7.
(2) Kreisberg RA, Oberman A. (2003) Medical Management of Hyperlipidemia/Dyslipidemia. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 88: 2445-2461.View Thread
Yeah. I'm not impressed. As a nutrition educator, while the 2005 pyramid had problems, it was at least useful for stimulating some important conversations. The plate is simplified to the point of not being a particularly useful teaching tool; it doesn't have anything to stimulate many important nutrition topics.View Thread
I used to use coupons a fair amount. However, I found they significantly influenced my buying decisions -- in a negative way as they pertain to food. Yes, I saved a lot of money, but I was buying junky food. Coupons for fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, and whole grain flours are rare (and usually only in the store rags), so I rarely use coupons now.View Thread
Here ( http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium/ ) is some great information from the National Institutes of Health on calcium and calcium supplements. Note that they address the study concerning calcium supplements and heart disease. In summary, it is too preliminary a result to draw conclusions or adjust your behavior. I don't think it is difficult to get adequate calcium from your diet if you are a milk drinker. Three 8 oz glasses of milk get you about 900 mg. However, if you are not a milk drinker, getting adequate calcium in your diet does require some thoughtful effort. The current recommended limit for calcium is 2500 mg/day. To clarify the vitamin D situation, you are not getting 1400 mg/day. That would require consuming something over 500 bottles of vitamin D supplements per day. The units on vitamin D are "IU." 1 IU is 25 nanograms, so 1000 IU is 25 micrograms. The current recommended amount of vitamin D is 600 IU/day for all adults under 70. The current recommended upper limit is 4000 IU/day. So, at 1400 IU/day you are nicely in that range. The Vitamin D Council ( http://www.vitamindcouncil.org/ ) believes that a 4000 IU/day limit is too conservative. Keep in mind that 4000 IU is intended for the general population. If you are proven deficient, your doctor may recommend more vitamin D than that. You can get vitamin D from the sun provided the sun is intense enough and you have enough skin exposure without sun screen. The Vitamin D Council says that you may get up to 10,000 IU per day from the sun with sufficient exposure. People in the southern US may get enough from the sun most months. People in the northern states do not get enough most months. It is very difficult to get 600 IU per day from food alone. Milk is fortified to 100 IU, so three servings of milk could get you half way there. The only way to know whether you are getting the right amount of vitamin D is through a blood test called 25-OH vitamin D test. The National Institutes of Health have a very nice presentation on vitamin D here: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-QuickFacts/View Thread