The average length of time for a couple trying to conceive to succeed is 6-8 months. If you want to raise your chances, check out www.fertilityfriend.com (a free site) where you can learn to track your cycle and pinpoint ovulation.
I'm not sure what "the issue" is. How old are you? A 30-34 day cycle is considered normal. One thing that can cause a longer cycle is stress ... Stress can delay ovulation which, in turn, delays your period. Are you worrying a lot about getting pregnant?
There is no natural way of checking sperm health - it can only be done by lab work. In any case, it's far too soon to be worrying about that. Most doctors consider it normal to take up to a year to conceive and won't do any tests until then.
You often get irregular bleeding/spotting during the first few months of taking the pill. It's nothing to worry about as you are apparently still on your first month. Give it another couple of months and if it continues then see your doctor (who will probably change the brand).
As for regularity, you have a 12 hour margin of error to take your pill if you're on the regular pill (3 hours if it's the mini-pill) so if you weren't later than that it wouldn't affect your period. However, even one missed pill can mess up your cycle - it's worth knowing View Thread
I don't think she actually means she bleeds every 15 days. I think she means that she bleeds for about 15 days and then has 15 days with no bleeding and then it starts all over again which is how she can say she has her period on time. It just lasts and abnormal length of time.
It's irrelevant anyway because in both cases she needs it checked out by a gyn (seeing as her doctor only did blood tests).View Thread
Stress of any kind can cause ovulation to be delayed (and delayed ovulation generally means a late period). I should imagine that the removal of a kidney would be a stressful event for your body.View Thread