What is the degree of the leakage, the regurgitation level?
Valvular regurgitation (insufficiency, leakage) levels goes from trace or physiologic (aka minimal or trivial, found in many otherwise heart-healthypeople, and for the most-part, can be safely ignored), to mild (should be monitored) to moderate (should be monitored closely to see what overall effect it's having on the heart) to severe (when it gets to this point, valve repair or replacement is usually dictated).
Valvular regurgitation grading scale by echocardiography is 0-4 plus. Valvular regurgitation can cause various symptoms or no symptom(s) at all.
"I went to GP and asked to be put on propanolol again, and this has stopped."
Interesting, propanolol is a beta-blocker, a class of drugs which is notorious for causing side effects, which includes, tiredness, sleepiness, lethargy, and fatigue.
"Is there anything to help me do more......"
Please consult with your doctor on that, and one would think that having leaking heart valves, you should also be under the care of a cardiologist.
Best of luck down the road of life.
WebMD member (since 8/99)
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"Apparently, I have some kind of 'bacteria' on my heart valve that let infection in and......"
Sounds like endocarditis, which is an infection of a heart valve or the inner lining of the heart (endocardium). An infection may/can damage or even destroy one or more heart valves and damage the heart.
Several different organisms (including fungi) can cause endocarditis, though it is usually caused by a bacteria such as streptococcus viridans (commonly found in the mouth), staphylococcus aureus and enterococcus.
"Is the 165 considered a heart attack?"
A heart attack (myocardial infarction, MI), actual death or necrosis of heart muscle (myocardium), is typically caused by a 100% blockage (total occlusion as usually due to atherosclerotic plauqe build-up or blood clot).
An actual heart attack usually shows up as a distinct waveform pattern on an electrocardiogram (ECG) as well as with nuclear imaging.
Tachycardia (heart rate over 100 beats per minute)
Also, as applicable to the patient, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) can send the heart rate into speeds of up to 150-200 beats per minute (BPM),and sometimes, even as high as 300 BPM.
**Supra refers to occurring above the ventricles (the lower pumping chambers of the heart).
And as applicable, paroxsymal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) typically causes a frighteningburst/surge in heart/pulse rate that begins/starts and ends/stops suddenly (hence the term paroxsymal), which can last for just mere seconds or it can continue on for minutes to hours to days.
Symptoms that may/can occur with SVT, and PSVT includes chest pain/discomfort/pressure/tightness, shortness of breath, lightheadedness/dizziness, and in uncommon to rare cases, syncope (temporary loss of consciousness, which includes passing out or fainting). Sometimes there are no symptoms at all.
Best of luck down the road of life. Live long and prosper.
3 - 423 international units per milliliter (IU/mL) or 3 - 423 kilo-international units per liter (kIU/L)
A high level of IgE can mean a parasite infection is present. Also, high levels of IgE often are found in people who have allergic reactions, asthma, atopic dermatitis, some types of cancer, and certain autoimmune diseases. In rare cases, a high level of IgE may mean IgE multiple myeloma.
Hi: "The cardiologist said they could possibly do a high risk angio and then put him on meds for the rest of his life."
"I can't see the doctors doing a bypass on his heart and then doing a bypass on his leg."
Some individuals are deemed high-risk for open-heart surgery, or even minimally-inavsive surgery or catheter-based procedures (angioplasty with or without stenting).
Outcomes can not be predicted. Pre-existing medical conditions (cardiac or otherwise), negative factors, and especially comorbidities (medical conditions known to increase the risk of death in addition to the most significant condition that causes an individual's stay in the hospital), as well one's general overall health are taken into consideration.
In general-only here, even though heart surgery, or non-surgical catheter-based procedures carries risks (and the possibility of complications, some unforeseen), and is considerably riskier in the older crowd, it is reported that more individuals, even in the early/mid-to-late 80s, and well into the 90s, are undergoing procedures, thanks to the advancements made in this area, and of course, some highly-skilled doctors.
In some cases, those with severe peripheral artery disease (PAD), blockages in the legs, may/can be treated with stents or laser angioplasty, as opposed to a bypass, Sometimes, drug-therapy is the only option deemed viable as may/can be the case with coronary artery disease (CAD) as well.
Most important,communicate well with his doctors at ALL times. The very best of luck to your father down the road of life.
WebMD member (since 8/99)
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That's an odd term that has been mentioned here only once before, several years ago, and one which should certainly be clarified by his cardiologist.
Noteworthy, mentioned in a Texas Heart Institute article about the causes of high blood pressure (hypertension), one cause is being older than 60. Blood vessels become more brittle with age and are not as flexible.
About Blood Pressure (BP)
The complex human body is usually able to keep BP within acceptable limits, but sometimes, changes in lifestyle, or health, make this difficult. This can cause the BP to become consistently higher, lower than normal, spike up, then drop down.
Compensatory mechanisms that control BP involves changing the diameter of veins and small arteries (arterioles), the amount of blood pumped out from the heart per minute (cardiac output), and the volume of blood in the vessels.
High BP can be related to various heart disorders, and sometimes kidney, liver, or adrenal gland problems. One's susceptibility to develop it can even be caused by an imbalance somewhere within the body's precise regulating systems.
Health dangers from BP vary among different age groups and depending on whether systolic, diastolic, or both, is elevated. Isolated diastolic hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension and diastolic/systolic hypertension, increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, renovascular disease.
High systolic BP appears as a significant indicator for heart complications, including death, in all ages, but especially in middle-aged and older adults.
Additionally, pulse pressure is important, the difference between systolic and diastolic. Usually, the resting (in sitting position) pulse pressure in healthy individuals is 40 mmHg, give or take a bit. A consistently narrow (say 20-25 or less) or consistently wide (say 60-65 or more) pulse pressure is not good.
WebMD community member (since 8/99)
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In general, swelling or edema (with or without accompanying symptoms), in one or both extremities (e.g., legs, feet, ankles), has various causes, which includes but is not limited to, some heart conditions (a common one being congestive heart failure), kidney and liver conditions, being overweight, related to age, and venous insufficiency (VI).
Best of luck down the road of life.
WebMD member (since 8/99)
MedlinePlus - Trusted Health Information for You
Foot, leg, and ankle swelling
Painless swelling of the feet and ankles is a common problem, particularly in older people. It may affect both legs and may include the calves or even the thighs. Because of the effect of gravity,....
Other conditions that can cause swelling to one or both legs include:...
Hi: Most important, any irregularity/abnormality on an ECG (electrocardiogram) should be thoroughly investigated by a qualified doctor.
"My husband said he suffered no symptoms of having had an attack"
Heart attacks may/can occur without any tell-tale symptoms occurring or being recognized by the individual, known as a "silent" heart attack.
"Can this incident show up as a heart attack on an EKG?"
Seems unlikely, unless those severe spasms were occurring at the time and somehow distinctly disrupted/interferred (pain may/can do this) with the heart's electrical conduction system. HeartSite
It is important to remember that EKGs are not 100% accurate. Normal recordings can be obtained in patients with significant heart disease or some "abnormalities" may exist in the presence of a normal heart.