HBV is 100 times easier to transmit sexually than HIV ( the virus that causes AIDS). HBV has been found in vaginal secretions, saliva, and semen. Therefore, it doesn't matter if a person's sexual partner is of the same or the opposite gender. If one partner has hepatitis B, the other one can get it. Oral sex and especially anal sex regardless (whether it occurs in a heterosexual or homosexual context), are possible ways of transmitting the virus. It is not transmitted by holding hands, hugging or even dry kissing on the lips. The chance of transmission with deep kissing is unknown, as no infections have been definitively documented after exposure to infected saliva. Yet, since HBV has been found in saliva, the risk of transmission with deep kissing probably exists and the risk increases if one partner wears orthodontic braces or has open cuts or sores in the mouth. The likelihood of becoming infected with HBV grows with the number of sexual partners a person has. Thus, promiscuous individuals are more likely to get HBV. Also, men who have sex with men are 10-15 times more likely to catch HBV than the general population.View Thread
Weight-bearing exercises build up both bones and muscles. For many reasons, it is important for all people with liver disease to incorporate weight-bearing exercises into their daily exercise routines. First, people with liver disease need good strong bones because they are prone to osteoporosis. Weight training is the best way to fight against this, as stronger muscles equal stronger bones. Second, in advanced stages of liver disease, the body is forced to recruit muscle as a source of energy, and people are at risk of developing severe muscle wasting and greatly diminished strength. However, if a person has a reserve of muscle built up on her body, it will take a much longer time for this complication of liver disease to develop. Third, people who have too much fat on their bodies are at risk of worsening their underlying liver condition by developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Weight training reduces the amount of fat on the body and increases muscle mass. Therefore, the chance of developing NAFLD will be reduced. Finally, since muscle weighs more than fat, weight training is the perfect means of gaining lean healthy weight for those people who are underweight. One exception to weight training should be mentioned. People with cirrhosis complicated by esophageal varices should avoid weight training. This is because wall tension in the esophagus may drastically increase with weight training which puts this group at increased risk for esophageal variceal rupture and hemorrhage. Once again, there are lots of self-help books and videotapes that describe how to create a personalized weight-bearing exercise routine. It's a good idea to hire a personal fitness trainer, who can design a personalized routine specific to an individual's needs. It is important that the trainer be aware of the client's liver disorder, and that consequently, the client will not always be able to exercise to her fullest capacity. A person with liver disease should never push herself excessively, nor should she allow herself to be pushed by a trainer. If she feels too tired or if a body part feels strained, she should stop exercising until she feels better. Fitness training has become a field that requires certification, so make sure that the trainer is certified. It is important to remember to work out every part of the body evenly. Did you know that there are eleven distinct body parts to work out! In that way, the chances of injury are decreased. A few stretching exercises should always be performed first to warm up the muscles before doing weight-bearing exercises. The amount of weight being lifted should allow for eight to twelve repetitions. Each repetition (rep) is defined as one full and individual execution of a particular lifting exercise. A set is a distinct grouping of repetitions, followed by a brief rest interval. Three sets of a given type of exercise should be performed. Aim to work out each body part at least once a week. Twice a week is ideal.View Thread
The test done at the blood bank has a high rate of false positive results in low risk people, meaning that the test is not really positive. It is unusual for the blood bank to retest your blood as the test used to confirm whether of not you actually have HCV is not run there. You need to have your doctor run the HCVRNA test and the HCV AB RIBA test to determine if you really have the virus or not. Typically once you have tested positive by the blood bank, even if this test was a false positive you would no longer be eligible to donate blood again.View Thread
Yes. There are numerous medications in clinical trials, some all oral without interferon injections, that have superior cure rates with less side effects. Your physician should be able to refer you to these trials in the area in which you live.View Thread
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