Body Mass Index (BMI) is an accepted measure of weight status and is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the squared height in meters.
Here's an easier formula: BMI is calculated from this equation: weight in pounds x 703, divided by height in inches x height in inches. (Example: 200 lbs X 703 divided by 67 divided by 67 again gives a BMI of 31.3)
An adult who has a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight. An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.View Thread
A good way to increase fiber in the diet is by using a "special bran recipe". Mix together: 1 cup applesauce, 1 cup coarse unprocessed wheat bran and ¾ cup prune juice. Refrigerate mixture and take 2 tablespoons of the mixture every day. Take the mixture in the evening for a morning bowel movement. Increase the bran mixture by two tablespoons each week until bowel movements are regular. Always drink one large glass of water with the mixture.View Thread
A formula for calculating proper fluid intake (in the absence of fluid restriction, and with normal physical activity and moderate temperatures) based on body weight can be calculated in three steps. Before doing the calculation, body weight must be expressed in kilograms (2.2 lbs equals 1 kilogram):
1. For the first 10 kg, the fluid requirement is 100ml/kg or 1000ml (4.23 cups) 2. For the second 10 kg, the fluid requirement is 50ml/kg or 500ml (2.11 cups) 3. For weight over 20 kg, the fluid requirement is 20ml/kg (20 ml = .08 cups)View Thread
When people use caffeine every day, their bodies get used to it, and they don't get the "good effects" of feeling more awake and able to concentrate unless they use more of it. This is called "tolerance." Some studies show that caffeine causes a physical dependence or addiction. If a person gets withdrawal symptoms when they suddenly stop using caffeine, then the person has a physical dependence on caffeine. Withdrawal symptoms can include severe headaches, muscle aches, temporary feelings of depression, and irritability. When people experience these symptoms, they often just take in more caffeine to make them go away. This cycle is hard to break.
If you are trying to cut down on your caffeine intake as a way to manage your incontinence symptoms, here are some helpful tips:
Learn which foods and drinks commonly contain caffeine so you can remove them slowly from your diet.
Cut down on caffeine-containing food and drinks very slowly which should decrease any withdrawal symptoms.
As soon as you start cutting back on caffeine-containing drinks and foods, increase your water intake and spread it out throughout the day. This may decrease withdrawal headaches.
If you get a headache, take pain relievers that do not include caffeine (check the labels.)
Try to get as much or more sleep than you normally would.
Changing some of your daily habits may help you avoid urinary tract infections.
Drink lots of fluid to flush the bacteria from your system. Water is best. Try for 6 to 8 — 8 ounce glasses a day.
Drink cranberry juice or take vitamin C. Both increase the acid in your urine so bacteria can't grow easily. Cranberry juice also makes your bladder wall slippery, so bacteria can't stick to it.
Urinate frequently and go when you first feel the urge. Bacteria can grow when urine stays in the bladder too long.
Urinate (passing your water) before and after sex. This can flush away bacteria that might have entered your urethra during sex. Drinking a glass of water will also help.
After using the toilet, women should always wipe from front to back, especially after a bowel movement.
Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothes so that air can keep the area dry. Avoid tight fitting jeans and nylon underwear, which trap moisture and can help bacteria grow.
For women, using a diaphragm or spermicide for birth control can lead to urinary tract infections by increasing bacteria growth. If you have trouble with UTIs, consider modifying your birth control method. Unlubricated condoms or spermicidal condoms increase irritation, which may help bacteria grow. Consider switching to lubricated condoms without spermicide or using a nonspermicidal lubricant.
Studies have shown that women with chronic pelvic pain are more likely to have a history of sexual abuse compared to other groups of women. These women are often referred to many different specialists and, in the process, they may be subjected to expensive tests and exploratory surgery only to be told that 'nothing is wrong' because no underlying pathology (medical cause) was discovered or identified.
Many women agree to a hysterectomy or other major surgery and still experience chronic pelvic pain. Chronic pelvic pain is often intractable and unremitting and may lead to lifestyle changes that affect work, recreation and personal relationships. An integrated multidisciplinary team approach that includes a medical doctor, pain specialist, gynecologist and perhaps a physical therapist who provides various treatments is often the best way to give the woman the greatest chance of a long-term cure.View Thread
You should always empty your bladder (to void or urinate) before you go to sleep at night. If a person awakens during the night, they usually will go to the bathroom. This is more related to your awakening, not the need to go to the bathroom. Age may have something to do with this as our kidneys produce more urine at night as we get older. I have some information I give to patients when they ask the same thing you did. It is available as a resource called Ways to Prevent Bladder Problems During the Night .View Thread
During the first two to three months after prostate cancer surgery, some men (from five to fifteen percent) will have urinary incontinence due to damage of the sphincter muscles in the urethra. In these men, urine leakage occurs mostly after exercise or physical exertion. Men will report urine leakage when laughing, coughing, changing position or bending over. Fatigue of the pelvic floor muscle can cause loss of urine during the second half of the day, late afternoon and early evening. Men will find that they will not have incontinence during the night while asleep as there is no pressure on the sphincter when lying flat.
This type of incontinence is often temporary but may become a long-term condition that causes men much anxiety or may even disrupt their lives in significant ways. So it is important to remember that in most men, this is a temporary problem as urine leakage lessens as the healing from surgery occurs.
Post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence may come as a shock to some men who feel they were not warned about this possible complication from the surgery. Many such men are further frustrated because the urologist who performed the surgery may not be interested in helping the patient overcome this side effect.
In my practice, I see men who have undergone prostate cancer removal, either through open or by robot procedure. They see me 6 weeks after surgery and I assess their bladder and determine the amount of incontinence they may be experiencing. I put them on a very structured pelvic floor muscle exercise program using biofeedback.
Men need to know that effective treatments are available including pelvic floor muscle exercises, medications, urethral injections, slings or an artificial urinary sphincter.View Thread
It sounds as though you are having some bladder urgency (urgent need to go to the bathroom). You are young to be having this problem but it may be caused by something simple like your diet. Read my tip on Specific Foods that May Worsen Incontinence for more information.
You also may be able to control it by practicing some techniques to lessen your urgency. I discuss this on my resource about Bladder Retraining .View Thread
Like so many parts of our bodies, your brain, your bladder and the muscles that control your bladder are always communicating. When your bladder is full, your brain signals the bladder muscles to contract and push the urine out. Usually these contractions are voluntary, or under your control. It is important that you keep your bladder healthy and develop some good habits.
I suggest you use good toileting or voiding habit. It is normal to go to the toilet about 5-7 times per day and no more than once at night. Your bladder should be able to hold up to 2 cups (400 - 450ml) of urine. You can usually pass between 1 to 2 cups of urine each time you go. Don't get into the habit of going to the toilet 'just in case'. Try to go only when your bladder is full and you need to go. Going to the toilet before you go to bed is fine. Not drinking any fluids 2-3 hours before you go to bed may prevent you from awakening during the night to go urinate. Also, take your time so that your bladder can empty. Women should sit to go to the toilet. Do not crouch over the toilet seat. If you rush and do not empty your bladder fully, over time you could get a bladder infection.
You should drink enough water. Adults should try to drink at least 1.5 liters (six to eight cups) of water each day unless your doctor says this is not okay. Cut down on how much caffeine and alcohol you drink as they may cause you to go to the bathroom more often. So don't drink too much coffee, tea or cola. Instant coffee has less caffeine than brewed coffee. Tea contains less caffeine than coffee.
Keep good bowel habits. Hard stool or constipation can put pressure on your bladder causing you to experience urgency, frequency and even urine leakage or incontinence. Eat lots of fruit and vegetables and stay active to keep your bowel regular. A regular soft stool passed without straining from one time a day to every third day is considered normal. Do not strain when using your bowel as this can weaken your pelvic floor muscles (the muscles that help keep bladder control).View Thread