Such imbalances may cause inadequate blood oxygen delivery to the working muscles during exercise, thereby causing fatigue.Mitral valve prolapse may be rarely associated with strokes occurring in young patients.In very rare cases, potentially serious heart rhythm abnormalities may underlie palpitations which require further evaluation and treatment.Like fatigue, these symptoms are believed to be related to imbalances of the autonomic nervous system.Palpitations are sensations of fast or irregular heart beats.In most patients with mitral valve prolapse, palpitations are harmless.These patients appear to have increased blood clotting tendencies due to abnormally sticky blood clotting elements, called platelets.Most people with mitral valve prolapse have no symptoms, however, those who do commonly complain of symptoms such as fatigue, palpitations,chest pain, and migraine headaches is a very rare complication of mitral valve prolapse.Sharp chest pains are reported in some patients with mitral valve prolapse, which can be prolonged.Anxiety, and may be associated with mitral valve prolapse.
Fatigue is the most common complaint, although the reason for fatigue is not understood.They are probably related to abnormal nervous system control of the tension in the blood vessels in the brain.
Unlike , chest pain with mitral valve prolapse rarely occurs during or after exercise, and may not respond to nitroglycerin.Migraine headaches have been occasionally linked to mitral valve prolapse.Patients with mitral valve prolapse may have imbalances in their autonomic nervous system, which regulates heart rate and breathing.View Thread
Beta-blockers, such as atenolol (Tenormin), metoprolol (Lopressor), and propranolol (Inderal), are the drugs of choice.Examples of antibiotics used include oral amoxicillin and erythromycin as well as intramuscular or intravenous ampicillin, gentamycin, and vancomycin.Since valve infection, endocarditis, is a rare, but potentially serious complication of mitral valve prolapse, patients with mitral valve prolapse are usually given antibiotics prior to any procedure which can introduce bacteria into the bloodstream.Patients with severe prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms, spells, significant palpitations, chest pain, and anxiety attacks may need treatment.These act by increasing the size of the left ventricle, thereby reducing the degree of prolapse.These procedures include routine dental work, minor surgery, and procedures that can traumatize body tissues such as , gynecologic, or urologic examinations.
For these individuals, routine examinations including echocardiograms every few years may suffice.The calcium blockers verapamil (Calan) and diltiazem (Cardizem) are useful in patients who cannot tolerate beta-blockers.Therefore, mitral valve prolapse patients with mitral regurgitation are often evaluated annually.The vast majority of patients with mitral valve prolapse have an excellent prognosis and need no treatment.
Mitral regurgitation in patients with mitral valve prolapse can lead to heart failure, heart enlargement, and abnormal rhythms.View Thread