One of the most common problems dermatologists see is atopic dermatitis, more commonly known as eczema.
This is a chronic condition. Once you show signs/symptoms of it, you will likely have them on and off for the rest of your life. There seems to be a correlation between eczema and other allergic conditions such as hay fever and asthma. Some theories suggest that eczema patients have a faulty immune system and their body is working against them.
Typically eczema is found on arms and behind the knees, but it can erupt just about anywhere on the body. Most patients experience flare-ups when it becomes really painful and difficult to manage, and then for no explicable reason it subsides.
When you are having a flare-up, it is suggested that you avoid using harsh soaps or other irritants that will further dry your skin. Some patients find some measure of relief with creams or ointments.
If you are having symptoms that distract you from your daily life or if the itching is preventing you from sleeping, it's time to make an appointment with your doctor to see what can be done for you.
Each patient is unique, and your doctor will take a complete medical history, and make treatment recommendations based on those findings. Many times the first treatment course does not provide adequate relief. Rather than going to a new doctor, go back to your original doctor. All the original findings are in your chart and you won't have to start from the beginning again.
There are a number of treatment choices available. Discuss your specific situation with your doctor and choose the one that seems the best for you.
Our skin responds to over-exposure to the UV radiation of the sun by becoming injured and damaged.
The effects of sunlight on our skin is cumulative, which means that the damage accumulates year after year. We don't get to wipe the slate clean every time winter comes around.
This is why it is essential that you evaluate your understanding of the sun, what its UV radiation does to your skin, and whether you are taking a healthy approach or a dangerous approach.
From the time a child is born, skin must be protected. Learn to use sunscreen, wear hats and protective clothing, learn to seek shade, and try to avoid the hours of the day when the UV radiation is at its peak, usually from about 11 am to 5pm during the summer.
Black tattoos are typically fairly easy to remove, however, you will need to go in and have a consultation with the dermatologist who will be removing your tattoo. It will take a number of sessions in order to remove the tattoo, as this can only be done in stages. Have a frank discussion with your doctor about your expectations.
Removing a tattoo is actually much easier today than it used to be. Prior to the advances in lasers, your only choices used to be dermabrasion (abrading or scrubbing the skin) or excision (cutting out the tattoo). Now, lasers are becoming "pigment specific" which means that they can get rid of more colors than ever before. Some colors are easier to remove than others, but the real truth is that most tattoos will never ever be 100% removed.
It takes an average of 5 — 8 in office treatments to remove a tattoo. This does depend on the size of the tattoo. Each session will last about 15 minutes and cost between $250 and $500 (which is generally NOT covered by insurance).
Approximately 10% of the people in the U.S. have a tattoo, and about half of those are interested in getting a tattoo removed.
Lasers work by breaking up the pigment of the ink with a high-intensity light beam. Black tattoos are easiest to treat because black pigment absorbs all laser wavelengths. All other colors require selective laser treatment depending on the pigment color in the tattoo.
There are few side effects to tattoo removal, but keep in mind that the removal site is at increased risk for infection, incomplete pigment removal, and the possibility of a permanent scar. The treated area is essentially a burn that will heal in a couple of days.
Removing a tattoo is considered to be very safe and very effective. It is much safer than any previous method of removing tattoos. Older tattoos are usually easier to remove because the strength of the original dye pigments was weaker. Newer ink technology and improving skills of the professional tattoo artists make artwork of the last ten years much more difficult to remove.
The many colors in the newer tattoos require more sessions to remove the ink pigment because each color requires a specific laser with the correct color-specific absorption energy. Pigment destruction is limited to the same color or wavelength of the laser beam and at the depth that the laser can penetrate. If your tattoo is deeper, it may be impossible to completely remove this pigment.
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